The prostate is a male's gland located between the bladder and the urethra. While it is natural for the prostate to grow and change with age, some conditions of the prostate are undesirable, uncomfortable and require medical treatment.
AIU urologists have experience in diagnosing and treating various prostate conditions. We have experience in the following:
- Elevated Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Test
- Enlarged Prostate
- Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
- Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)
- Laser TURP
- Transurethral Microwave Therapy of the Prostate (TUMT)
- Sexual Aging: Impotence or Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
Because prostate cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in American men with a quarter million men diagnosed each year, we have focused many of our resources and care to help patients that have been diagnosed with the condition. This cancer affects each patient differently and warrants very specific courses of treatment.
Indicators of cancer and the course of treatment are determined by the change and level of the PSA screening blood test, manual rectal physical exams to palpate growths, an ultrasound and pathology from a prostate biopsy, Xrays, CAT scan of the pelvic areas and Gleason cancer growth rating scores.
There are numerous non-radiation treatment options once the cancer has been identified:PROSTATIC ULTRASOUND AND BIOPSY (In Office procedure)
For a biopsy, a probe is placed into the rectum to view different areas of the prostate. A fine needle is placed through the probe to take tissue samples. The patient may have some soreness around the rectum after the biopsy and may also notice blood in the urine, stool, and semen for up to a month. The biopsy results are usually reported in two to three days.
Physicians will surgically remove the prostate, which can eliminate all traces of the cancer if it is confined to the prostate only. The entire prostate is removed, along with regional lymph nodes, preserving the surrounding structures that allow for urinary and sexual functioning. Removal of part of the prostate or just the cancer is not recommended. This can be done with an 'open' procedure or da Vinci robotic, laparoscopic procedure and the doctors of AIU offer both.
Treatment can consist of close observation of the cancer to see signs of progression with blood tests, scans, and physical examinations. Specific cancer treatment will be undertaken when deemed necessary. In the absence of symptoms, and in the presence of other medical situations which are more threatening, observation may be an appropriate choice. Often older men with slow growing prostate cancer will live out their life with the disease and pass away from another condition altogether.
This treatment is effective because prostate cancers grow in the presence of male hormones. The usual way of effecting hormone reduction are either a periodic hormone shot or surgical removal of the testicles (orchiectomy).
Cryotherapy is a minimally invasive approved option for the treatment of localized prostate cancer that can often be performed on an outpatient basis. It is an alternative to open surgery or radiation. It is given as one treatment but can be repeated if the cancer recurs. It kills cancer by freezing and has minimal side effects with rapid recovery times.
AIU offers the latest in Treatment surgery and Radiation Therapy featuring the RapidArc™ technology. From a surgical perspective our Board-certified physicians are trained in the latest nerve sparing techniques and da Vinci robotic operations improving the outcomes and the recovery for patients. Please check out our treatments here.
OTHER MALE CONDITIONS
We also examine and treat a host of other male conditions such as:
- Sterilization by Vasectomy
- Urethral Strictures
- Testicular or Scrotal Discomfort